Georgia Institute of Technology researchers have come up with a strategy to capture, store and recycle carbon from vehicles to stop CO2 from entering the atmosphere. Realization of this strategy could lead to a zero emission car, and a transportation system completely free of fossil fuels.
The team is working to create both a near term strategy and a long term one. The near term strategy involves using vehicles with onboard fuel processors designed to separate the hydrogen from the carbon in the fuel. The hydrogen is then used to power the vehicle, while the carbon is stored on board in a dense liquid form until it can be disposed of at a refueling station where it can then be sent to a carbon sequestration site. In the long term vision, the carbon dioxide will be recycled to form new fuel, which will then form a closed loop transportation system.
Georgia Tech decided to use a hydrogen powered vehicle because hydrogen produced no carbon emissions when used as fuel. The carbon that’s produced when the fuel processor splits the fuel can be captured as an “enriched carbon byproduct” rather than as CO2 because no air will be introduced into the process.
Funding for this research was provided by NASA, the U.S. Department of Defense NDSEG Fellowship Program and Georgia Techâ€™s CEO (Creating Energy Options) Program.
Read the entire Science Daily Article here.